Breed at a glance  - THE YORKSHIRE TERRIER….

Interested in the breed, or possibly owning one, does the breed suit you, or your needs…..  You do not know the Yorkshire terrier – but would like to know more???  You want the tiniest dog ???

Read on for further information.


The Yorkshire Terrier fondly known as the YORKIE was originally bred to be a working dog.  Hunting for rats and other small mammals in the fast-growing industrial areas of England.  Breeders all those years ago, had a good idea what they were looking for and crossed many breeds of dogs to get the result they wanted. No records were kept but it is thought that a good few of the smaller breeds of dog had some part to play in the breeding of the YORKIE.

When the Ladies of the Victorian era developed a fascination with small dogs, breeders saw the potential for the YORKIE to become fashionable. They began to breed them smaller, and smaller in the hope of winning the hearts of the fashionable ladies of that time.




The Yorkie irrespective of size,  retains its fearless, tenacious temperament. It is the one dog that hardly is restricted by its small size. It imagines itself to be a huge dog.  The yorkie is a hands on dog, and socialization from a young age is important. If it is the only pet at home, and will be going out with you periodically, proper socialization from a young age is essential to ensure a well balanced pet.

The yorkie furthermore, is highly intelligent, and should know what is acceptable and what is not acceptable. A few rules put into effect, will be beneficial to your Yorkie in the future. Puppies are very cute, and get up to all manners of mischief, the new owner thinking in most cases, adorable, delightful, cute, etc However, when the yorkie becomes an adult, the fascination with the bad behavior diminishes  somewhat and what was cute and adorable is no longer cute and adorable. If your yorkie puppy shows undesirable traits, sort it out immediately.  Remember if it is to go on outings, puppy classes are more than likely a good idea. The Yorkie, will then learn to accept and behave around other dogs.



The Yorkie does not shed its coat, has no undercoat, thus resulting in a suitable dog for people suffering with allergies.

The Yorkie needs a lot of grooming, use a brush, can be a bristle brush, be gentle and a comb is essential. A slicker brush can also be used, but ensure you know how to use it, or you may cause major damage to your Yorkies coat. Grooming should be done daily.  The coat may start to look unkept after a few days of being bathed. Yorkies, are no exception when it comes to various coat(hair) types, some very manageable, others more difficult, and some major difficult to control.  The answer to all types, is keep the dog knot and matt free, keep the dog treated, with a preventative flea and tick product. Keep the dog groomed and regularly.  Start the pup of from day one, getting used to being groomed.  If you leave the grooming, when you start doing it, it will become an unpleasant experience, for both you and the pup. NO one likes their hair tugged at, the yorkie is no exception.

Clipping your yorkie, - some folk never trim the Yorkies coat, while others continually trim and shave the yorkie.   Find a top class parlour, one who knows Yorkies, who knows how to trim the ears, etc.  Untrimmed ears, are ugly, if the fur on the ears is thick, this can encourage the dog to have droopy ears, which is a bad fault  in the Yorkshire terrier breed. Keep those ears trimmed.  If you are not into regular grooming and bathing etc, DO NOT buy a yorkie.



Yorkies are all born with short black coat and tan on the face and some parts of the leg and chest  area.  On the very odd occasion a little white may be present on the chest and a tiny bit of white on the toes. The white on the toes will disappear after a period of time.  The Yorkies, will start growing coat, from day one. Six week old Yorkies will not have a long coat, but should have a fair amount of coat.

The coat should not appear CURLY – another bad fault.  As the pup matures the colouring of the fur on the head should begin to change, to either silver or tan.  If it appears silver,  chances are it will still change to tan at a later stage. Today we see more variation in colour in the yorkie, than what the standard calls for.

Some Yorkies, remain black and tan in adulthood, the tan in this case is a rich almost red colour.  Red – not as in fire engine red, but a considerably darker tan. Some of the Yorkies when they have reached adulthood around a year of age, will have a very silver coat color and the head will be a lighter beige. The correct colour of the yorkie according to the breed standard is Blue Steel and Tan.  The colour of the yorkie over many years has changed as is mentioned above, and there is also the chocolate, or brown yorkie these days. Years ago this colour yorkie was considered unacceptable, they were never registered and a lot of breeders put them to sleep. Today they are registered, and the chocolate, is seen in variations of the colour. One being very dark chocolate, another medium brown and then what is almost the equivalent of a silver metallic ,brown.  IN the last three years or so, a new Breed has been imported into South Africa, known as the Biewer Yorkshire Terrier. This breed first appeared in 1984 .



Irrespecitve of what breed of dog you intend purchasing for your child, your child must understand how to behave around a dog. You the parent must ensure you are there at all times in the beginning, to ensure, your child knows exactly how to treat a dog.  If you do not have the time and do not want to make the effort, do not buy a YORKIE.  If abused by children, it will be only a matter of time, before you have an aggressive, snappy, yorkie on your hands.  You cannot expect to manhandle a small dog and the dog not attempt to defend itself.

The yorkie loves to be loved, and flourishes with loads of attention. The YORKIE is an inside lapdog, NOT a backyard mutt.